Author Guidelines

International Journal of Academic and Practical Research

ISSN (Print): 2980-4116; ISSN (Online): 2980-4124

Instruction to Authors of IJAAPR

Article Submission

(a) Title
(b) Author/s, Affiliation/s and Email Adress/es
(c) Abstract
(d) Keywords
(e) Introduction
(f) Methodology
(g) Results
(h) Discussion
(i) Conclusion, Implications and Recommendations
(j) Ethics Statement
(k) Statement of Interest
(l) Funding
(m) Acknowledgements
(n) References
(o) Authors Bionotes


TitleThe title should be concise and informative. The title is often used in information‐retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible. The title is not more than 25 words. Kindly use the font and font size in the template above. Further, the title page should include: (a) the name(s) of the author(s), (b) the affiliation(s) and address(es) of the author(s), and (c) the email address of the corresponding author.

AbstractThe abstract is a summarization or synopsis of the complete document, written in one paragraph, which should include these elements: purpose, methods, results, and implications (conclusion and recommendations). The abstract contains a brief description of the purpose: describes the objectives and hypotheses of the research. Methods: describes the essential features of the research design, data, and analysis. It may include the sample size, geographic location, demographics, variables, controls, conditions, tests, descriptions of research design, details of sampling techniques, and data gathering procedures. Results: describes the key findings of the study, including experimental, correlational, or theoretical results. It may also provide a brief explanation of the results. Implications: show how the results connect to policy and practice and provide suggestions for follow-up, future studies, or further analysis. Additional materials: notes the number of references, tables, graphs, exhibits, test instruments, appendixes, or other supplemental materials in the paper. The abstract should be between 200-250 words. It must be in a 10-point Arial Narrow, aligned text to the left and single-spaced. The first line of the abstract must not be indented from the rest of the text.

KeywordsImmediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 5 keywords to be written with 10 font size. Avoid citation in the abstract. Please ensure before submitting, your article has been edited and managed using a grammar check, plagiarism detector, and reference manager.

Key Elements of an Article

IntroductionThis section includes the background of the study and the purposes of the research. The background of the study encompasses the theoretical ground, related research, the practical applications and the nature, the rationale of the study, and the purpose(s) of the research. Cited literature must be within a decade range.

MethodologyDescribes the materials (e.g., task(s), equipment, instruments, and their validity and reliability, if applicable), the participants (e.g., demographics, selection criteria, and group assignment), and the study processes, such as treatment(s) and data analysis. 

Results and DiscussionResults should be precise and succinct. Instead of simply repeating the research’s findings, the discussion should focus on their importance. Often, a combined Results and Discussion section is necessary. Do not discuss or cite published literature in-depth.

Conclusion and RecommendationsThe first paragraph of this section presents the main objective of the study. The 2nd paragraph discusses the summary of the finding, and the 3rd paragraph and succeeding paragraph present the authors’ inferences based on the findings of the study, implications to theoretical grounds of the study, and insights from the study. The last paragraph focuses on the future direction of the study and the study limitations and how these limitations may be addressed in the study replication.

Note: When doing or writing qualitative research, authors may stray from the aforementioned main features as subsections. However, the four components are still present in an article in general. Refer to the subsections in the template.

End Matters

AcknowledgementsDo not put acknowledgements as a footnote to the title, on the title page, or anywhere else. Instead, group them together in a separate section before the references at the conclusion of the article. List the research sponsors and people who assisted with the research (e.g., by helping with the language, the writing, or the article’s proofreading, etc.).

ReferencesSince it contains all relevant information about the sources of ideas and arguments, the list of references must be extensive. A comma and a full stop (period) must be used after the author’s name and initial, respectively. Period-separated entries, such as author names, publication years, article or book titles, journal titles, and book titles, require italicization. Dates of access and site addresses must be included for electronic sources. (To cite references, please refer to the APA Publication Manual.)

(a) Reference Examples
(b) Common Reference Examples Guide
(c) Reference Quick Guide

Authors BionoteAn author’s bionote, often known as “About the Author,” is a sentence that describes you as an author, your qualifications and interests, and a call to action in your field of study. Your author profile should contain your name, any pertinent accomplishments, and a call to action. Aim for a bio of no more than 150 words. 

Publication Ethics

Ethics topics to consider when publishing (based on Elsevier’s ethical publishing):

Authorship of the PaperAuthorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. Transparency about the contributions of authors is encouraged, for example in the form of a CRediT author statement.

Originality and PlagiarismThe authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others, that this has been appropriately cited or quoted.

Data Access and RetentionAuthors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review and should be prepared to provide public access to such data.

Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent PublicationAn author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. The journal does not view the following uses of a work as prior publication: publication in the form of an abstract; publication as an academic thesis; or publication as an electronic preprint. Note: some society-owned titles and journals that operate double-blind reviews have different policies on prior publication. Information on prior publications is included within each journal’s guide for authors.

Acknowledgement of SourcesProper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given.

Disclosure and Conflicts of InterestAll submissions must include disclosure of all relationships that could be viewed as presenting a potential conflict of interest.

Fundamental Errors in Published WorksWhen an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.

Reporting StandardsAuthors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance.

Hazards and Human or Animal SubjectsStatements of compliance are required if the work involves chemicals, procedures, or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, or if it involves the use of animal or human subjects.

Use of Patient Images or Case DetailsStudies on patients or volunteers require ethics committee approval and informed consent, which should be documented in the paper.


Assurance for International Quality of Journal ArticlesThe submitted articles’ titles have to reflect an international perspective. Research must provide fresh data that the entire world needs to be aware of, and its originality and applicability must advance disciplinary knowledge in terms of academic and practical research output.

Retraction PolicyRetraction is an act of the journal publisher to remove a published article from the digital file due to post-publication discovery of fraudulent claims by the research, plagiarism, or severe errors of methodology which escaped detection in the quality assurance process. Complaints by third-party researchers on any of the grounds validated by the editorial office trigger the retraction but only after the writer has been notified and allowed to present his side in compliance with due process. In this case, there will be a Retraction Fee of USD 27 (PHP 1,500.00) – nominal and base fee, for any damage it may cause.

Repository Policy – We encourage authors to post their pre-publication manuscript in institutional repositories or on their websites prior to and during the submission process and to post the Publisher’s final formatted PDF version after publication without embargo. These practices benefit authors with productive exchanges as well as earlier and greater citations of published work.

Archiving Policy – IJAAPR guarantees that all published material will be available for perpetuity. International Journal of Academic and Practical Research (IJAAPR) is a subscriber member of the Internet Archive. The Internet Archive, a 501(c)(3) non-profit, is building a digital library of Internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form. Like a paper library, they provide free access to researchers, historians, scholars, people with print disabilities, and the general public. Its mission is to provide Universal Access to All Knowledge. Further, the journal is committed to bringing wide dissemination of the articles. Journal issues are submitted to the National Library of the Philippines for archiving. 

Plagiarism PolicyPapers must be original, unpublished, and not pending publication elsewhere. Any material taken verbatim from another source needs to be identified as different from the present original text by (1) indentation, (2) use of quotation marks, and (3) identification of the source. Any document of an amount exceeding fair use standards (herein defined as more than two or three sentences or the equivalent thereof) or any graphic material reproduced from another source requires permission from the copyright holder and, if feasible, the original author(s) and also involves identification of the source; e.g., previous publication. When plagiarism is identified, the Editor-in-Chief will agree on measures according to the extent of plagiarism detected in the article in agreement with the following guidelines:

(a) Minor (25 - 35%): A short section of another article is plagiarized without any significant data or ideas taken from the other paper. A warning is given to the authors and a request to revise the text and properly cite the original article is made.

(b) Intermediate (35-50%): A significant portion of a paper is plagiarized without proper citation to the initial paper. The submitted article is rejected, and the authors have to send another submission with revised version.

(c) Severe (51-100%): A significant portion of a paper is plagiarized that involves reproducing original results or ideas presented in another publication. The paper is rejected, and the authors are forbidden to submit further articles for 6 months. 

Copyright Agreement Stated in the Article Template

(a) The author(s) reserve(s) all proprietary rights such as patent rights and the right to use all or part of the article in future works of their own such as lectures, press releases, and reviews of textbooks. In the case of republication of the whole, part, or parts thereof, in periodicals or reprint publications by a third party, written permission must be obtained from the Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Academic and Practical Research (IJAAPR).

(b) I/we hereby declare that the material being presented by me/us in this paper is my/our original work, and does not contain or include material taken from other copyrighted sources. Wherever such material has been included, it has been clearly indented or/and identified by quotation marks and due and proper acknowledgements given by citing the source at appropriate places. The manuscript has not been published and is not being submitted or considered for publication elsewhere. All authors have seen and approved the manuscript as submitted to IJAAPR.

(c) The research paper/article, the final version of which I enclose, is not substantially the same as any that I/we have already published elsewhere. I/we have not sent the paper or any paper substantially the same as the enclosed one, for publication anywhere else. If IJAAPR found any copyrighted content or any issue related to copyright in the future then IJAAPR has the right to withdraw the paper without prior notice to the authors.

(d) I/We agree to indemnify IJAAPR, against any legal claim or any action alleging facts that if true, constitute a breach of any of the foregoing warranties. I/We also know that paid publication fees will not be refundable. I/We also warrant that “IJAAPR and its Editorial Team” will not be held liable against all copyright claims of any third party or in lawsuits that may be filed in the future, and that I/we will be liable in such cases.

Copyright and Open Access Policy

This is an open-access journal under the CC BY-NC-ND license. Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: (a) Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a CC BY-NC-ND that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work’s authorship and initial publication in this journal. (b) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal’s published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal. (c) Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).

Copyright © 2022
International Journal of Academic and Practical Research
ISSN (Print): 2980-4116; ISSN (Online): 2980-4124

Published by: Academic Course Tutorial Online Education Inc.
Address: 340 Balagtas St., Tondo I/II - Barangay 26 , City of Manila, First District, National Capital Region (NCR), 1012

This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license.
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